Multi-state Information

Audits and Inspections: All Northeast and North Central States

StateAudit and Inspection ProgramIssuing a Certificate: Will a grower receive a certificate following an audit or inspection?Required On-Farm Verification: How often are the audit or inspection produce safety practices verified?Written Food Safety Plan: Does an audit or inspection require a written farm food safety plan?Crop Coverage: What crops are covered by, or subject to, the requirements outlined in an audit or inspection?Completion Requirement: What score is needed to demonstrate that a farm meets the requirements of an audit or inspection?Worker Training: What does an audit or inspection require for worker training?Manure Management: What does an audit or inspection require when using manure?Animal (Wildlife and Domestic): What does an audit or inspection require for managing animal contamination?Agricultural water: What does an audit or inspection require when using water that touches the crop before it is harvested?Post-Harvest Water Source: What does an audit or inspection require for post-harvest water sources?Post-Harvest Water Use: What does an audit or inspection require of Post-Harvest Water?Cleaning and Sanitation: What does an audit or inspection require for clearing and sanitizing equipment, tools, and other surfaces?Cold Storage Management: What does an audit or inspection require when using cold storage for produce?Traceability/Recall Plan: What does an audit or inspection require to trace produce back in the event of a recall?Mock Recall: What does an audit or inspection require for a mock recall?
All StatesUSDA GAP, HGAP, HGAP+ Audit ProgramsYES mail or scan/ send/ websiteAnnual AuditRequiredCrop Specific*Each major section must have a minimum score of 80%.Job Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, RecordMonitors growing areas for animal activity and takes action to prevent or minimize animal contamination. Policy, RecordRecord, 1x wells/3x surface testing annuallyRecord, 1x well testing annuallyRecirculated water requires sanitizer use/record.Plan, RecordPolicy, Temperature RecordPolicy, RecordRecord
CTConnecticut FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionMay Issue a CertificatePeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
CTConnecticut Good Agricultural Practices (CGAP)YESAnnual AuditDocuments, Records and Policies are requiredWhole FarmPass/FailYearly. Records reviewed, topics reviewed, policies reviewedRecords, policies, training (if applicable)Records, policies, training (if applicable)We anticipate that we will align with science based standars of PSR. Current: surface water = 3 tests, well = 1 testRecords, water tests, policies, training are all reviewedRecords, water tests, policies, training are all reviewed. Yes recirculated water needs an approved sanitizer with appropriate documentationRecords, policies, and training are all reviewed to ensure its properly performedRecords, policies, and training of staff are all reviewedRecords, policies, and training of staff are all reviewed to ensure the plan works and is carried out by the farmRecord
DEDelaware FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
IAIowa FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionYes - FD4056Periodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
INIndiana FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionYes - Similar to FD4056Periodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
ILIllinois FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionYes - FD4056Periodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
KSKansas FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNoPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
MEMaine FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
MDMaryland FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
MDMaryland Department of Agriculture Good Agriculture Practices (MDA GAP)YESAnnual AuditRequiredWhole Farm5 requirements are automatic failure; rest work over time to correctAnnual Training Record with topics covered.Policy/recordPolicy/recordRecord, 1x wells/3x surface testing annuallyRecord, 1x well testing annually potableRecirculated water requires sanitizer use/recordPlan, RecordPolicy and Temperature Record if it is part of food safety planOptionalOptional
MAMassachusetts FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionMay Issue a CertificatePeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
MAMassachusetts Commonwealth Quality Program (Mass CQP)YES mail or scan/ send/ websiteAnnual audit with periodic visits and assessments by crop during the production cycleRequiredWhole farm/ w support by crop/commodity if requiredFull compliance, CAs supportedAnnual Training Record with topics covered.SOPs, RecordSOPs, RecordRecord, 1x wells/3x surface testing annuallyRecord, 1x wells/3x surface testing annuallySOPs, RecordSOPs, RecordSOPs, RecordSOPs, RecordSOPs, Record
MIMichigan FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNoPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
MNMinnesota FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionYes - Provides own formPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
MOMissouri FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNoPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
NENebraska FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionYesPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
NDNorth Dakota FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionYes - FD4056Periodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
NHNew Hampshire FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionMay Issue a CertificatePeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
NJNew Jersey FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
NYNew York FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
OHOhio FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNoPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
PAPennsylvania FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
RIRhode Island FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
RIRhode Island Good Agricultural Practices (RI GAP)YES hard copy sent / website listAnnual AuditRequiredWhole Farm100% Compliance, corrective actions to meet requirementsAnnual Training Record with topics covered, Employee Illness LogPolicy, RecordPolicy, RecordRisk Assessment, Record, 2x wells/3x surface testing annuallyRisk Assessment, Record, 2x well testing annually, municipal certificateRecirculated water requires sanitizer use/ water monitoring and change-out policy.Plan, RecordPolicy, Temperature and Cleaning RecordPlan, RecordRecord
SDSouth Dakota FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNoPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
VTVermont FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
VTVermont Community Accreditation for Produce Safety-Plus (CAPS-Plus)YES On-line sharingAnnual AuditRequiredWhole Farm100% Compliance, with 30 day revisionAnnual Training Record with topics covered.Plan, RecordPlan, Record OptionRisk assessment and management, record optionRecord, 1x well testing annuallyRecirculated water requires sanitizer use, or multiple dunk tanks with frequent water changes.Plan, Record for leafy greensPlan, Photos, SOP, Conditional RecordPlan, RecordRecord
WVWest Virginia FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionNOPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
WIWisconsin USDA GAP AuditYES mail or scan/ send/ websiteAnnual AuditRequiredCrop Specific*Each major section must have a minimum score of 80%.Job Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, RecordMonitors growing areas for animal activity and takes action to prevent or minimize animal contamination.  Policy, RecordRecord, 1x wells/3x surface testing annuallyRecord, 1x well testing annuallyRecirculated water requires sanitizer use/record.Plan, RecordPolicy, Temperature RecordPolicy,  RecordRecord
WIWisconsin FSMA Produce Safety Rule InspectionYesPeriodic inspection with annual max frequencyNot requiredCovered CropsNo scoring--work over time to meet requirementsJob Specific Annual Training Record with topics covered.Policy, record/ Under reviewAssessment of relevant areas for evidence of animal contamination and, if found, what actions will be taken to ensure contaminated produce is not harvested. Policy, RecordUnder reviewUnder reviewUnder reviewRecordNONone requiredNone required
WISafe Produce Wisconsin AuditsIn person at the end of the audit, or emailed/mailed. We also have a public facing website where the inspection/audit/farm status can be published by request.Three or more yearsNot requiredCovered CropsGrowers are provided with a list of observed infractions. Follow up and technical assistance may be scheduled.Annual worker training record that is job specific and includes dates, participants, and topics coveredWritten or oral policy/Time gap no less than 120 days for produce that contacts the soil or 90 days for produce that does not.Assess growing areas for animal contamination & if contamination is found, have a plan to ensure produce is not harvested. Monitor growing areas for animal activity and take action to prevent or minimize animal contaminationGuidance and recommendations only while still under enforcement discretion1x well testing annually, Record of E. Coli absense; This is educational for only large farms this year and would not be marked as an observation until subsequent inspections.Same as Harvest waterRecords kept when equipment is cleaned and sanitized, to include date, what was cleaned and method used.No standing water or condensation; adequate design, construction and workmanship to allow adequate cleaning and maintenance, and are inspected, maintained and cleaned as necessary to minimize contamination; separate from other risk areas.None requiredNone required